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Power of Knowledge

Power of Knowledge

What is an IPO ?
An Initial Public Offer or IPO is the first sale of a company's shares to investors on a public stock exchange. While IPOs are effective at raising capital, being listed on a stock exchange imposes regulatory compliance and reporting requirements.

When a shareholder sells shares it is called a "secondary offering" and the shareholder, not the company who originally issued the shares, retains the proceeds of the offering. To avoid confusion, it is imporatnt to remember that only a company which issues shares can make a "primary offering". Secondary offerings occur on the "secondary market", where shareholders (not the issuing company) buy and sell shares to each other.
What are the different types of IPOs ?
There are two types of IPOs. These are listed below :

  • Fixed Price Issue - In this case, the issue price is pre ascertained by the issuer.
  • Book Building - In this case, an indicative price range is declared by the company for a public offer of its equity shares. Interested investors place bids within this price range for the quantum of securities they want to subscribe to. Prospective investors can revise their bids at any time during the bid period, that is, the quantity of shares or the bid price or any of the bid options. Usually, the bid must be for a minimum of 500 equity shares and in multiples of 100 equity shares thereafter. By recording the bids (quantum of shares ordered and the respective prices offered) received in a "book", the issuer makes an assessment of the demand for the securities proposed to be issued. After the bid closing date, the book runner and the company fix the issue price and decide the allocation to each syndicate member. Thus, book building method helps in optimum price discovery for the security.
What is meant by Primary Market and Secondary Market ?
Primary Market refers to a market which provides the channel for creation and sale of securities. Primary market provides an opportunity to investors to apply & own stocks issued by the corporate (as well as the government) through an IPO (Initial Public Offer). A corporate raises capital from the public to meet its expansion plans or discharge financial obligations.

The resources in this kind of market are mobilized either through the public issue in which anyone can subscribe for it, or through the private placement route in which the issue is made available only to a selected group of subscribers such as banks, FIs, MFs and high net worth individuals. In private placement, the stringent public disclosure regulations and registration requirements are relaxed since these securities are allotted to a few sophisticated and experienced investors,. The Companies Act, 1956, states that an offer of securities to more than 50 persons is deemed to be public issue.

Secondary Market refers to a market where shares are traded after being initially offered to the public in the primary market. It is a market in which an investor purchases shares from another investor through stock exchange. Majority of the stock trading is done in the secondary market. The secondary market enables participants who hold securities to adjust their holdings in response to changes in their assessment of risk and return. They also sell securities for cash to meet their liquidity needs.
When is the payment for the shares made ?
The bidder has to pay the maximum bid price at the time of bidding based on the highest bidding option of the bidder. The bidder has the option to make different bids like quoting a lower price for higher number of shares or a higher price for lower number of shares. The syndicate member may waive the payment of bid price at the time of bidding. In such cases, the issue price may be paid later to the syndicate member within four days of confirmation of allocation. Where a bidder has been allocated lesser number of shares than he or she had bid for, the excess amount paid on bidding, if any will be refunded to such bidder.
What is the procedure for applying for an IPO ?
We will soon be starting the facility of online IPO application which will enable you to enjoy a hassle-free experience with no botheration to fill tedious, lengthy forms, no requirement to sign cheques or physically deliver the form to the collection centre.

Currently, to apply for an IPO, you can collect the IPO Application Form directly from your nearest Achiievers Equities Ltd branch. To get a list of our branches, please click here.

The completed form, along with the bank cheque, has to be submitted at any of our collection centres (Achiievers Equities Ltd). The shares allotted to you will be directly credited to your demat account and any excess application money will be refunded by a direct credit to your bank account.
What are the necessary details to be mentioned in the IPO Application ?
To apply for an IPO, the applicant needs to mention the details of his Bank account, Pan Card and Demat Account along with his other personal details in the IPO Application Form.
Attention Investors :
No need to issue cheques by investors while subscribing to IPO. Just write the bank account number and sign in the application form to authorize your bank to make payment in case of allotment. No worries for refund as the money remains in investor's account.    KYC is one time exercise while dealing in securities markets - once KYC is done through a SEBI registered intermediary (broker, DP, Mutual Fund etc.), you need not undergo the same process again when you approach another intermediary.
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